Polish Team

Based at Liber pro Arte, a non-profit organisation dealing with digitisation of cultural heritage, the Polish research team carries out research in collaboration with the Institute of Art of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the UNESCO Chair of Cultural Property Law at the University of Opole. The team focuses on the recent phenomenon of multimedia museums, where digital heritage plays an equal role to, or even a predominant role over, the tangible one. While the growing importance of digitisation is still not reflected in museum legislation, the aim of the Polish team is to draft a definition of the multimedia museum and a new code of conduct addressing the challenges faced by such institutions.

The Polish research team explores four museums. The Museum of Polish Jews in Warsaw serves as a case study for the issue of the relation between digital and tangible heritage in a museum institution. The European Solidarity Centre (a complex cultural institution, which combines various functions including that of an agora and a museum) is considered in relation to the role of digital heritage in wider networks of social and cultural participation and education. Issues concerning property and copyrights are considered in connection with the Museum of the Second World War. Lastly, the Auschwitz Memorial Museum serves as a case study for the analysis of the growing role of social media in the museum’s activities and tasks.

In all four case studies the research team also investigates the role played by digital heritage and multimedia museums in reflecting and taming contemporary cultural and societal conflicts, challenges and tensions. Whereas indeed the four institutions under consideration are based in Poland, owing to their international impact and reach, they are considered as examples of strategies and practices typical to many other similar institutions around the world.

Ewa Manikowska (DrPhil)

Principal Investigator

Assistant Professor at the Institute of Art of the Polish Academy of Sciences and provenance research expert at the National Museum in Warsaw, Dr Manikowska’s interests focus on the history of museums, collecting, and the history of photography. She is the author of Photography and Cultural Heritage in the Age of Nationalisms: Europe’s Eastern Borderlands (1867–1945), Bloomsbury 2019.

Alicja Jagielska-Burduk (PhD)


Assistant Professor in the Department of Law at Opole University, Dr Jagielska-Burduk is Director of the UNESCO Chair of Cultural Property Law. Interested especially in issues concerning law and cultural heritage, she is the founder and one of the editors of the journal Santander Art & Culture Law Review.

Andrzej Jakubowski (PhD)


MA in Law and MA in Art History (University of Warsaw), and PhD in Law (European University Institute). He is Assistant Professor at the Institute of Legal Studies of the University of Opole (Poland), and Chair of the Committee on Participation in Global Cultural Heritage Governance of the International Law Association (ILA). He inter alia authored State Succession in Cultural Property (Oxford University Press, 2015), edited Cultural Rights as Collective Rights – An International Law Perspective (Brill-Nijhoff,  2016), and co-edited Fragmentation vs. the Constitutionalisation of International Law – A Practical Inquiry (Routledge, 2016), Cultural Heritage in the European Union: A Critical Inquiry into Law and Policy (Brill-Nijhoff, 2019). He also serves as a member of the editorial boards of the Polish Yearbook of International Law and of Santander Art & Culture Law Review. In 2015-2018, Andrzej led the project ‘HEURIGHT14’, within the framework of the JPI CH, Heritage Plus action.